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SOAN 100: Debating Difference in Twenty-first Century America

For Professor Daniel Williams - Fall 2014

Citing Your Sources

You have been asked to use the APA style to document your sources. The APA guide can be found either in the Reference Room of 4th Libe.

You can find additional guidance for using the APA guide below:

Where is the APA Style Guide?

The APA Style Guide is availabe in print in the library (or you can get your own copy in the bookstore or online). It sits on the short bookshelf to the left of the Research/IT Desk.

Citing Statistics with APA

The following is excerpted from a wonderful citing data guide written by an excellent data librarian in Michigan, Hailey Mooney.

APA Style Guide to Electronic References

For a complete description of citation guidelines refer to p. 16 of the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2007) [Call Number: Reference BF11 .A6722 2007].

Graphic Representation of Data

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from

APA 6th

For a complete description of citation guidelines, refer to p. 179 (citing specific parts of a source) and p. 205 (entry in a reference work) of the of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (2010) [Call Number: Reference BF76.7 .P83 2010]. 

Citing Specific Parts of a Source

For in-text citations, indicate the page, chapter, figure, or table within the paranthetical citation.

Basic form:

(Author, Year, Table #)


(National Center for Education Statistics, 2008, Table 3)

Entry in a Reference Work

APA does not provide specific information on how to cite a statistical table, but use this general format to cite part of a source (e.g. a statistical table) in the bibliography.

Basic form:

Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Editor (Eds.), Title of reference book (pp. xxx-xxx). Retrieved from http:// OR Location: Publisher OR doi:xxxx.


U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2009).  Table 151: Percentage of public and private high school graduates taking selected mathematics and science courses in high school, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2005. In U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (Ed.), Digest of Education Statistics (2009 ed.). Retrieved from

American Veterinary Medical Association. (2010). Table 1204: Household Pet Ownership: 2006. In U.S. Census Bureau (Ed.), Statistical Abstract of the United States (129th ed.). Retrieved from

Subject Guide

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