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HIST 116: Intro to Indigenous Histories, 1887-present

Prof. Meredith McCoy, Fall 2021

Books for your class

Course website & Citation examples

Need an example of how to format a caption and bibliography entry for an image?

Yes, you're going to notice that these are not internally consistent. Citation is an art, not a science! Take the parts that work for your image, work within the spirit of the Chicago Manual of Style and copyright law, think about what will make Prof. McCoy and other future scholars' lives easier in the future, and give it your best shot!


Elizabeth 'Betsy' Brown Stephens

Write out caption text relating this image to the argument you're making on your website. Image source: Lmaotru, Elizabeth 'Betsy' Brown Stephens, 2010; original photograph taken in 1903. Accessed via Public domain.

  • Generally, italicize titles.
  • This photo was originally taken in 1903 and digitized in 2010; if you have a modern image, leave off the second date part.
  • "Public Domain" is the equivalent of the license. You might have a Creative Commons license that looks like: CC BY 4.0, or CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, or similar. Include it after the link to the original image.

EXAMPLE CAPTION 2: Portrait of Dr. Charles A. Eastman, 2020, Public domain. Originally published in The American Indian Magazine 6, no. 4 (1919): cover art,

  • This image has no known photographer/creator
  • This image was originally printed in a physical journal, and then it was scanned and uploaded into Wikimedia Commons

EXAMPLE CAPTION 3: Bain News Service, Mrs. Marie L. Baldwin, 1914, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C. Accessed via Public domain.

  • This photo was originally in a Library of Congress archive, and contains all that information in the citation
  • The citation also has the link to Wikimedia Commons, since that contains the copyright/Public Domain information, which will help to make Prof. McCoy life's easier!



EXAMPLE #1: Lmaotru. Elizabeth 'Betsy' Brown Stephens. 2010; original photograph taken in 1903.

EXAMPLE #2: Portrait of Dr. Charles A. Eastman. 2020. Originally published in The American Indian Magazine 6, no. 4 (1919).

EXAMPLE #3: Bain News Service. Mrs. Marie L. Baldwin. 1914. George Grantham Bain Collection. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C. 

**What changed?

  • Commas became periods
  • (if your author had a First Last name, you would invert them to be Last, First: Flanagan, Peggy)
  • No license information needed in the bibliography
  • **Note that these examples are not in alphabetical order, but in your bibliography they generally should be

The Libe Where You Live