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EDUC 100: Will this be on the test? Standardized Testing and American Education

Professor Jeff Snyder--fall 2021

APA 7th Style Manual

General elements of a citation

At a minimum a citation should include the following components:

  • Who:  The author, authors, or organizations responsible for the piece
  • What:  Title of the piece
  • When:  When the piece was published
  • Where:  Where the piece was published or presented
  • Journal Volume & Issue

Additional components that are often included in citations include:

  • DOI: a digital object identifier, which is a persistent link to the article
  • URL: for online sources