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FREN 353: The French Chanson

Guide created for Professor Éva Pósfay, Spring 2022

Common citation patterns for this course

Image or Artwork

If you view it first hand, the Location is the physical location of the work. If you view a reproduction, follow the standard rules for Containers.

If your image has no title, give a brief description of the item in the title location. Do not include quotation marks or italicize this description.

DaVinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Louvre Museum, Paris.

DaVinci, Leonado. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Wikipedia,,_by_Leonardo_da_Vinci,_from_C2RMF_retouched.jpg.

Image of cat. 2016,

Online Audio or Video

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of audio track." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats" SoundCloud, 18 Apr 2013

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube, 18 Apr 2013,

For more detail, see the MLA guide for videos on websites.

Web Page

“Maplewood, New Jersey.” Google Maps,,+NJ.

Quade, Alex. “Elite Team Rescues Troops behind Enemy Lines.”, 19 Mar. 2007,

Magazine Articles

Weintraub, Arlene, and Laura Cohen. “A Thousand-Year Plan for Nuclear Waste.” Business Week, 6 May 2002, pp. 94-96.

Book or Report

The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford UP, 1998.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Fagih, Ahmed Ibrahim al-. The Singing of the Stars. Translated by Leila El Khalidi and Christopher Tingley. Short Arabic Plays: An Anthology, edited by Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Interlink Books, 2003, pp. 140-57.

Johnson, Roberta. Gender and Nation in the Spanish Modernist Novel. Vanderbilt UP, 2003.

Chapter in a Book

Copeland, Edward. “Money.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, Edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.

Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Masque of the Red Death." The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250-58. HathiTrust Digital Library,;view=1up;seq=266.

Journal Article

Piper, Andrew. “Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe and the Book of Everything.” PMLA, vol. 121, no. 1,  Jan. 2006, pp. 124-38. JSTOR,

Newspaper Articles

Dwyer, Jim. “Yeats Meets the Digital Age, Full of Passionate Intensity.” New York Times, early ed., Arts and Leisure sec., 20 July 2008, pp. 1+.


Username. "Full text of post." Platform, Day month year posted, time posted, URL.

@libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Twitter, 18 June 2013, 4:39 PM,

Penguin, Oscar. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Facebook, 18 Apr 2013,