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HIST 175: Gender and Sexuality in Latin American History

Prof. Jennifer Schaefer - Winter 2021

Use this Guide for...

  1. Navigating the Library
  2. Finding sources for your research paper
  3. Formatting your bibliography and footnotes

Remember: Research is a skill that you need to learn - no one innately knows how to do this!

HIST 170: The Libe Where You Live

Use what you have to find more

Every source contains rich clues to other useful sources. It's a treasure map that can lead you to sources you would never find by pure searching. Think of it is giving clues along two axes:

  • Foward and backward in time by mining the source's bibliography and by seeing who has cited the source (ask at the Research/IT Desk for help).

  • Side to side across the scholarly conversation by collecting key terms, phrases, and names used in the useful source to find other sources that are similar, and by analyzing how participants in the conversation on this topic use evidence, and what kinds of evidence they use.

Types of Sources

Think of the paper you're writing as a story that you are narrating. In this story, you want both primary and secondary sources. Your job as a scholar of history is to weave together primary and secondary sources to make a coherent argument.

  • Primary source = A book, article, picture, letter, document, or other item that was produced in the past. (think: an episode of Game of Thrones)
  • Secondary source = Scholarship that is reflecting back upon and analyzing something that happened in the past. (think: an analysis of Game of Thrones in the AV Club)
  • Reference source = A high level compilation of pointers to primary and/or secondary sources. (think: The Game of Thrones IMDB page)
  • Database = Where these are stored. (think: HBO Go)