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American Studies

American Quarterly Citation Style

Journals title

The American Studies department uses the American Quarterly citation style. This is derived from the Chicago Manual of Style, so information on that style is provided below.

NOTES for Bibliographic Software:

If you are using Zotero, click the "document preferences" button on your toolbar in Word, select "Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note)" and then click the "Endnotes" radio button. Do not add a bibliography at the end of your document.


If you are using Mendeley, select the "Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note)" citation style. Use Word to create the endnotes (Insert > Footnote > "Endnotes" radio button), then insert your citation into the endnote created by Word. Do not add a bibliography to the end of your document.

Example Citations - American Quarterly Style

Over-all Rules

  • Use only endnotes, not footnotes or parenthetical notation.
  • Reference numbers for notes should generally go at the end of a sentence, after punctuation marks, including parentheses. The only punctuation that can follow a reference number is a dash.
  • Use underlining rather than italics.
  • Cite page numbers at the very end of the endnote, but do not include "p."

Examples (note the modifications introduced by American Quarterly into the Chicago Manual of Style)


Andrea Weiss, In the Shadow of the Magic Mountain: The Erika and Klaus Mann Story (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 55-56.

[citing pages 55-56]


Note that Newspaper citations look a little different.

Hope Olson, “Codes, Costs, and Critiques: The Organization of Information in Library Quarterly, 1931-2004,” Library Quarterly 76.1 (2006): 19–35.

Frank P. Whitney, “The Six-Year High School in Cleveland,” School Review 37.4 (n.d.): 267–71,

Chapters of books:

F. L. Ellet, “By Rail and Stage to Galena,” in Prairie State: Impressions of Illinois, 1673-1967, by Travelers and Other Observers, ed. Paul M. Angle (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968), 271–79.


“Google Privacy Policy,” (accessed February 18, 2014).


Currier & Ives, "Gray Eagle," Lithograph, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Online Catalog, ca. 1866, (accessed January 2, 2013).


John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin, “Commentaries,” Disc 2, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, special ed. DVD. Directed by Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones (1975; Culver City, CA: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment, 2001).


New York Trumpet Ensemble, with Edward Carroll (trumpet) and Edward Brewer (organ), Art of the Trumpet, recorded at the Madeira Festival, June 1–2, 1981, Vox/Turnabout, PVT 7183, 1982, compact disc.

Data & Statistics:

Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2010. "Table 38: Arrests by Age, 2010." Crime in the United States. (accessed November 10, 2012).

Book Reviews:

Ben Ratliff, review of The Mystery of Samba: Popular Music and National Identity in Brazil, by Hermano Vianna, ed. and trans. John Charles Chasteen, Lingua Franca 9 (April 1999): B13–B14.

David Kamp, “Deconstructing Dinner,” review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals, by Michael Pollan, New York Times, April 23, 2006, Sunday Book Review,


An Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is made up of a bibliographic reference followed by a brief description (called an annotation) of the content and importance of the work. The annotation begins one line down from the reference, and it's best to press the Shift key and the Return key together so that it behaves as if the entire thing is one paragraph. (See this example)

Keeping Useful Notes

You don't have to print everything you read! The tools below can help you accomplish your research far more quickly while at the same time help you to find the really key resources and make key connections between them. If these exact worksheets don't click for you, use them to help you come up with your own method of tracking the sources and terms you find.