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How to Cite Your Sources

Twitter tweet (or Sina Weibo post)

MLA 8th ed.

@Username. "Full text of tweet." Twitter, Day month year posted, time posted, URL.

@libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Twitter, 18 June 2016, 4:39 PM, twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [@handle]. (Year, month day posted). Full text of tweet including hashtags. [Tweet]. Twitter. URL

Penguin, Oscar @libechillbro. (2016, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon. [Tweet]. Twitter. http://twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname (@handle). Year. "Full text of the tweet." Twitter, Month day, year, time posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar (@libechillbro). 2016. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Twitter, April 18, 2016, 1:28 p.m. http://twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366.

Tik Tok (or Douyin) - video

MLA 9th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [@username]. "Full text of caption including hastags." TikTok, year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar [@libechillbro]. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week! #rootbeerfloats #NLW." TikTok, 2021, https://vm.tiktok.com/x2sKUu.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. [@handle]. (Year, month day posted). Full text of caption including hashtags. [Video]. TikTok. URL

Penguin, Oscar. [@libechillbro]. (2021, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week! #rootbeerfloats #NLW.  [Video]. TikTok. https://vm.tiktok.com/x2sKUu

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname (@username). Year. "Full text of caption including hashtags." TikTok, Month day, year. URL.

Penguin, Oscar (@libechillbro). 2021. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week! #rootbeerfloats #NLW." TikTok, April 18, 2021. https://vm.tiktok.com/x2sKUu.

Tik Tok (or Douyin) - profile

MLA 9th ed.

Lastname, Firstname or @handle. "Videos." TikTok, current year, URL.

@libechillbro. "Videos." TikTok, 2021, www.tiktok.com/@libechillbro?lang=en.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. [@handle]. (n.d.). Full text of profile bio. [TikTok profile]. TikTok. Retrieved month day, year, from URL

Penguin, Oscar [@libechillbro]. (n.d.). Just a chill dude hanging out in the Libe.  [TikTok profile]. TikTok. Retrieved September 9, 2021, from www.tiktok.com/@libechillbro?lang=en

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname and/or (@username). Year. "Full text of profile bio." TikTok, Month day, year, time accessed. URL.

Penguin, Oscar (@libechillbro). 2021. "Just a chill dude hanging out in the Libe." TikTok, September 9, 2021, www.tiktok.com/@libechillbro?lang=en.

Facebook post (or Moodle or WeChat post)

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or username or page name]. "first several words of a facebook post..." Facebook, Day month year posted, time posted [if available], URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Facebook, 18 Apr 2016, facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. (Year, month day posted). First several words of Facebook post... [Status update]. Facebook. URL

Penguin, Oscar (2016, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week...  [Status update]. Facebook. http://facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. Year. "Full text (or first several words...) of Facebook post." Facebook, Month day, year posted. URL

Penguin, Oscar. 2016. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Facebook, April 18, 2016. http://facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067

YouTube video (or other online video)

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of YouTube Video." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube, 18 Apr 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (Year, month day posted). Title of YouTube Video. [Video]. YouTube. URL

Penguin, Oscar. (2013, April 18). Root Beer Floats. [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of YouTube Video." YouTube, Month day, year posted. Video, length of video. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube, April 18, 2013. Video, 0:35. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28.

Instagram (or Meitu or other photo-sharing app) post

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (handle). "First several words of Instagram post (if any)..." Instagram, Day month year posted, URL.

libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week…" Instagram, 18 Apr 2016, instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [@handle]. (Year, month day posted). First several words of Instagram post (if any)... [Photograph or Video]. Instagram. URL

Penguin, Oscar [libechillbro]. (2016, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week… [Video]. Instagram. https://instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname (@username). Year. "Full text of Instagram post." Instagram photo, Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar (@libechillbro). 2016. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Instagram photo, April 18, 2016. https://instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/

Podcast episode

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname, narrator. "Title of podcast episode." Title of podcast series. Season #, episode # or day month, year of posting date, Producer or Publisher, year posted if not already stated previously, URL.

Penguin, Oscar, narrator. "Root Beer Floats" News from the Libe, 18 Apr 2013, Carleton College, http://podcasts.apple.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname (Host). (Year, month day posted). Title of podcast episode. [Audio podcast]. In Title of podcast series. Producer or Publisher. URL

Penguin, Oscar (Host). (2013, April 18). Root Beer Floats. [Audio podcast]. In News from the Libe. Carleton College. http://podcasts.apple.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of podcast episode." Title of podcast series, podcast audio, Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." News from the Libe, podcast audio, April 18, 2013. http://podcasts.apple.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats.

Tumblr (or Reddit or other blog or forum post)

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname or username. "Title or first several words of post (if any, otherwise omit)..." Title of blog or platform, Day month year posted, URL.

libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Tumblr, 18 Apr 2013, libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname or username. (Year, month day posted). Title or first several words of post (if any, otherwise omit)… Title of blog or platform. URL

libechillbro. (2013, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week… Tumblr. http://libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

Chicago 17th ed.

Username. Tumblr, "Full text or first several words of post (if any, otherwise omit)…" Month day, year, time posted (if available). URL.

libechillbro. Tumblr, April 18, 2013 (1:28 PM). http://libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

SoundCloud (or other online audio)

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of audio track." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats" SoundCloud, 18 Apr 2013 www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats.

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (Year, month day posted). Title of audio track. [Audio file]. Platform. URL

Penguin, Oscar. (2013, April 18). Root Beer Floats. [Audio file]. Soundcloud. http://www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats

Chicago 17th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of audio track." SoundCloud audio, length of audio track, Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." SoundCloud audio, 2:35, April 18, 2013. http://www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats

Comment (on Reddit, Facebook, blog post, online video, etc.)

MLA 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. [Brief description of the comment without quotation marks] Title of site, day month year of publication, time of publication if known, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. Comment on the post "Root beer floats are delicious." The Root Beer Float Blog, 14 April 2013, 1:34 PM, www.rootbeerfloats.wordpress.com/2015/08/14/whats-your-take/#comment-1339

APA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username] (Year, month day posted). Title of comment [if given]. [Comment posted to Title of original post, video, or other item]. Title of blog or subreddit [if available]. Platform or Publisher. URL

Penguin, Oscar. (2013, April 18). Re: Root beer floats are delicious! [Comment posted to What's Your Take on Root Beer Floats?]. /r/rootbeerfloats. Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/r/rootbearfloats/comments/pkxgc7

Chicago 17th ed.

Chicago recommends that comments only be cited in the text in reference to the original, related post. This means you would create a bibliographic entry for the original post, not for the comment.