A complete MLA citation has two parts: a parenthetical citation in the text, and a Works Cited at the end of the text.
Virginia Woolf’s storytelling is “centrally concerned with the inner life, and finding ways of re-creating that life in narrative” (Briggs 5). As Julia Briggs points out, Woolf “encourages her readers to extend their sympathies through the use of the imagination” (6).
Briggs, Julia. Virginia Woolf: An Inner Life. Harcourt, 2005.
Each cited work has common elements listed in the following order with the punctuation listed on this chart. Works may be published as single units, but many are held in "Containers" (like an essay or poem in a book, or an episode of a TV show, or an article in a newspaper). If information about an element isn't available, skip the element and move to the next.
Of special note are the times when listing a place of publication might be useful (page 51), and citing portions of Shakespeare, the Bible, or other classic works of literature.
Use the title, followed by abbreviated book name, followed by chapter and verse separated by a period: (Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10).
In Shakespeare, you'll cite the play as if it were a book (if it is published on its own) or as if it were a chapter in a book (if it's published as part of a collection of plays all in a single volume). But then in the text of your paper you'll cite act, scene, and line numbers rather than page numbers. The standard formula is (Name/Title Act.Scene.Line) where the "identifier" is likely only necessary sometimes. If it's clear from your paragraph that you're talking about a Shakespeare play, and if you're only citing one play in your paper, you won't need the Name/Title. If you're citing one play and it's not clear from your paragraph that you're citing Shakespeare, or of you're citing multiple Shakespeare plays in your paper, you should include a short version of the title of the play there.
Some professors prefer roman numerals and some prefer "regular" numbers. For example (Hamlet III.i.68) vs (Hamlet 3.1.68).
Questions? Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
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