Citing Sources

Please note:

Few print style guides have been updated with citation recommendations for current social media. The citation formats and examples below are taken from the web sites of the most commonly used style guides or are best guesses using available citation recommendations for online media. If you're not sure how to cite something, check the official web site for your citation style or ask a librarian.

Major Style Guides

Twitter

MLA 7th or 8th ed.

@Username. "Full text of tweet." Twitter, Day month year posted, time posted, URL.

@libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Twitter, 18 June 2013, 4:39 PM, twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366.

APA 6th ed.

@handle. (Year, month day posted). Full text of tweet. [Twitter post]. Retrieved from URL

@libechillbro. (2013, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon.  [Twitter post]. Retrieved from http://twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366

Chicago 16th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. Twitter post. Month day, year (time posted). URL.

Penguin, Oscar. Twitter post. April 18, 2013 (1:28 PM). http://twitter.com/libechillbro/status/2651151366

Facebook post (use this format for a Google+ or Renren post also)

MLA 7th or 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or username or page name]. "first several words of a facebook post..." Facebook, Day month year posted, time posted [if available], URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Facebook, 18 Apr 2013, facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067.

APA 6th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. (Year, month day posted). First several words of Facebook post... [Facebook update]. Retrieved from URL

Penguin, Oscar (2013, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week...  [Facebook post]. Retrieved from http://facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067

Chicago 16th ed.

Lastname, Firstname. Facebook post. Month day, year posted. URL

Penguin, Oscar. Facebook post. April 18, 2013. http://facebook.com/openguin/posts/10154065808067067

YouTube video (or other online video)

MLA 7th or 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of YouTube Video." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube, 18 Apr 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28.

For more detail, see the MLA guide for videos on websites.

APA 6th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (Year, month day posted). Title of YouTube Video. [Video file]. Retrieved from URL

Penguin, Oscar. (2013, April 18). Root Beer Floats. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28

Chicago 16th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of YouTube Video." YouTube video, length of video, Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube video, 0:35, April 18, 2013. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ICGujpcO28

Instagram post

MLA 7th or 8th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (handle). "First several words of Instagram post (if any)..." Instagram, Day month year posted, URL.

libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week…" Instagram, 18 Apr 2013, instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/.

APA 6th ed.

handle. (Year, month day posted). First several words of Instagram post (if any)... [Instagram post]. Retrieved from URL

libechillbro. (2013, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week… [Instagram post]. Retrieved from https://instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/

Chicago 16th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. Instagram post. Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. Instagram post. April 18, 2013. https://instagram.com/p/5pjGjvjTH6/

Tumblr (or other blog post)

MLA 7th ed.

Username. "First several words of post (if any, otherwise omit)..." Title of blog, Day month year posted, time posted (if available), URL.

libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Oscr, 18 Apr 2013, 1:28 PM, libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

APA 6th ed.

Title of Tumblr blog. (Year, month day posted). First several words of Tumblr post (if any, otherwise omit)… [Tumblr post]. Retrieved from URL

Oscr. (2013, April 18). Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week… [Tumblr post]. Retrieved from http://libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

Chicago 16th ed.

Username. Tumblr post. Month day, year posted (time posted, if available). URL.

libechillbro. Tumblr post. April 18, 2013 (1:28 PM). http://libechillbro.tumblr.com/post/125058827619/root-beer-floats-are-in-honor-of-national-library-week

SoundCloud (or other online audio)

MLA 7th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of audio track." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats" SoundCloud, 18 Apr 2013 www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats.

APA 6th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (Year, month day posted). Title of audio track. [Audio file]. Retrieved from URL

Penguin, Oscar. (2013, April 18). Root Beer Floats. [Audio file]. Retrieved from http://www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats

Chicago 16th ed.

Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of audio track." SoundCloud audio, length of audio track, Month day, year posted. URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." SoundCloud audio, 2:35, April 18, 2013. http://www.soundcloud.com/oscarthepenguin/root-beer-floats

Creative Commons License
Gould Library Research Guides are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License unless otherwise noted.