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How to Cite Your Sources

Examples: Citing Common Publication Types in APA 6th edition

You will need...

In-text citations in the body of your paper, referring to the author's last name, the date of publication, and the page number of the reference you are making, like this: (Jones, 2016, p. 199).

A Works Cited page that gives the complete citation for each of the works referenced in the text, using the styles below.

Journal Articles

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year). Article Title. Journal Title, Volume(issue), PageNumberSpan. doi: DOI.


Grundy, J., & Hosking, J. (2002). Developing adaptable user interfaces for component-based systems. Interacting with Computers, 14(3), 175-175-194. doi: 10.1016/s0953-5438(01)00049-2


LastName, FirstInitial. (Year). Book Title. Place: Publisher.


Stephanidis, C. (2001). User interfaces for all: concepts, methods, and tools. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.

Book sections or chapters

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year). Title of chapter. In EditorFirstInitial EditorLastName (Ed.), Title of book (PageNumberSpan). Place: Publisher.


Akoumianakis, D., Grammenos, D., & Stephanidis, C. (2001). User interface adaptation: Evaluation perspectives. In C. Stephanidis (Ed.), User interfaces for all: Concepts, methods, and tools (pp. 339-352). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Conference papers or presentations

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year). Presentation Title. Paper presented at Presentation Title, city, state/country.


Stuerzlinger, W., Chapuis, O., Phillips, D., & Roussel, N. (2006). User interface facades: towards fully adaptable user interfaces. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 19th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, Montreux, Switzerland.


Often one of these pieces of information is missing. Take a look at this handy chart (PDF) from the APA for help in figuring out what to do in those situations.

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year, Month Date). Title of Document [format]. Retrieved from URL


Lee, C. (2010, November 18). How to cite something you found on a website in APA style [blog post]. Retrieved from