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French

MLA for French Language essays

Format your paper so that each item in your bibliography begins with a hanging indent.

More complete information on MLA style is available here.

Book

Lord, Isabelle. Gestionnaires inspirants: les 10 règles de communication des leaders. Éditions Logiques, 2011.

Chapter in a Book

Regazzi, Jean. «Blanc profond: Le Giallo selon Visconti». Cinéma & littérature: Le Grand Jeu, Édité par Jean-Louis Leutrat, De l'incidence, 2011, pp. 401-418.

Journal Article

Aubin, Daniel. «Les facteurs humains: un enjeu d’aujourd’hui pour la sécurité de notre futur». Toutes et transports, vol. 40, no. 2, 2011, pp. 16-18.

Lestringant, Frank. «Rémanence du blanc: à propos d'une réminiscence hugolienne dans l'œuvre de Mallarmé». Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, vol. 81, no. 1, jan.-fév. 1981, pp. 64-74. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40526715.

Newspaper Articles

Goar, Matthieu. «Primaire de la droite : la chasse aux maires est ouverte». Le Monde, France sec., 31 mai 2016, p. 10.

Web Page

«Maplewood, New Jersey». Google Maps, www.google.com/maps/place/Maplewood,+NJ/@40.7368948,-74.302936,13z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x89c3ac609613ecb7:0xbfec83fe47282be9!8m2!3d40.7299793!4d-74.271992.

Basse, Nicolas. «Pourquoi la musique des années 60 à 80 cartonne». Le Point, 30 jan 2014. www.lepoint.fr/art-de-vivre/pourquoi-la-musique-des-annees-60-a-80-cartonne-30-01-2014-1786023_4.php

Films

Note that in this example the inclusion of several people in the Other Contributors category. If you were studying a particular person associated with the work, that person could be listed in the Author position followed by a comma and a note about the person's role in the creation of the work, like so: "Jeunet, Jean-Pierre, réalisateur."

Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain. Réalisé par Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Interprété par Audrey Tautou et Mathieu Kassovitz, TF1 Vidéo, 2001.

Work of art

If you view it first hand, the Location is the physical location of the work. If you view a reproduction, follow the standard rules for Containers.

DaVinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Louvre Museum, Paris.

DaVinci, Leonado. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mona_Lisa,_by_Leonardo_da_Vinci,_from_C2RMF_retouched.jpg.

Parenthetical citations typically go at the end of a sentence that quote, paraphrases, or refers to a source. Closing punctuation for that sentence goes after the citation.

Each item cited in your text should have a corresponding item in your bibliography.

Standard citation

List the author's last name followed by a page number: (Barron 194).

Author has more than one work in your bibliography?

Add a short title to your citation: (Barron,  «Redefining» 194).

Source has no author?

Use a short form of the title: (Reading at Risk 3)

Source has no page numbers?

Exclude page numbers or use a marker that is prominent in the text (like paragraph numbers, section numbers, time stamps, chapter numbers, line numbers, etc): (Chan, par. 41), (sec. 3), «Hush» 00:03:16-17), (ch. 17), («Ode» 1-3), etc.

Citing more than one source in a single sentence?

Separate the citations with a semicolon: (Baron 194; Jacobs 55).

Already mentioned the author's name in the sentence?

Omit the author's name from the citation: (194).

Citing the Bible?

Use the title, followed by abbreviated book name, followed by chapter and verse separated by a period: (Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10).

Citing Shakespeare?

Use the play's abbreviated title followed by act, scene, and line numbers separated by periods: (Mac. 1.5.17).

What does an Annotated Bibliography look like?

Create a complete citation, ending with a period, and then immediately begin the annotation so that the entire things forms one paragraph. Double space the entire document. Do not include an extra space between entries.

Annotated Bibliography MLA

(Example from the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, section 5.3.1. Click here for a larger version of the image above.)

Entries may be ordered alphabetically, thematically, or chronologically, depending on your rhetorical intent.